Blog Hero

What is a Dental Bone Graft?

Contact Us
Dental surgeons working on a patient.

Dental bone grafts are a common surgery performed to treat several dental issues. You should have a dental bone graft performed by a trained surgeon with a deep understanding of the surgical practices involved. 

To learn more about the different types of dental bone grafts and why you might require the procedure, contact our highly trained team of surgeons at CVOS Oral Surgery and read our full blog below.q

What Are Dental Bone Grafts?

A dental bone graft is a standard surgical procedure where an oral surgeon makes an incision into the jaw and attaches other bone material. Autografts are generally the preferred form of bone grafting as it uses your own bone, which promotes faster healing and bone formation. 

Who Needs Dental Bone Grafts

Here are some common reasons a patient might get dental bone graft surgery:

  • They need implants for a missing tooth 
  • They need additional jaw support due to tooth loss or gum disease 
  • They have bone loss 

Risks of Bone Grafting 

Dental bone grafting is generally a safe procedure, but there are some risks to be aware of: 

  • Infection
  • Blood loss
  • Blood clots 
  • Nerve damage 
  • Complications with the anesthesia used 

We recommend you speak with an oral surgeon who has been specifically trained to perform dental surgeries and is qualified to treat surgical issues ranging from the neck to the lower skull.

Why Should You Maintain A Healthy Jawbone?

It is important to maintain a healthy jawbone if it has begun to deteriorate due to injury or missing teeth. Here are some consequences of an unhealthy jawbone:

  • Your remaining tooth may drift or move 
  • Your facial profile could collapse 
  • The skin around your mouth can wrinkle 
  • You may have difficulty chewing and eating 
  • It can impact your lip support  
  • You could have difficulty speaking and communicating 

Before vs Aftercare for Dental Bone Grafts

Preparing For Dental Bone Grafts 

Preparation before a bone graft typically begins with a discussion with your oral care provider. They will want to learn more about your medical history and any medications you may be taking. Sometimes, further imaging and x-rays may be requested to get a clearer picture of your jaw and teeth. 

Aftercare For Dental Bone Grafts

You will generally go home with bandages and gauze surrounding your jaw and the incision site. You are likely to receive a prescription for pain medication, and may also be prescribed antibiotics to help prevent infection. Here are a few other aftercare tips: 

  • Use ice packs to help reduce swelling and discomfort
  • Avoid harder foods and stick to soft and bland options 
  • Sleep with your head elevated the first few days to help stop any blood from pooling at the incision site 
  • Avoid hot foods and liquids 
  • Avoid any contact sports 

If you are experiencing any persistent symptoms or discomfort, contact your doctor to have them check up on your health.

Types of Dental Bone Grafts

The type of dental bone graft you will need depends on your condition and the area that must be treated. Here are a few common types of dental bone grafts:

Socket Preservation 

Socket preservation surgery implies doing the bone graft and tooth extraction simultaneously to avoid any bone loss that could happen after the tooth has been removed. Socket preservation can be a great technique by reducing the need for any bone augmentations needed later on. 

Ridge Augmentation

Ridge augmentations are a standard type of dental bone graft surgery performed after tooth extraction. It is used to help restore any change in the contour of your gums or jaw. 

Sinus Lift 

A sinus lift is a procedure that may be used when you don’t have enough jaw bone to secure dental implants. It generally involves lifting the maxillary sinus bone to make space for new bone to be placed. If you have less than 4 to 6 millimetres of bone height in the back of your jaw, your oral surgeon may recommend a sinus lift. 

Periodontal Bone Graft

Periodontal disease is a serious gum disease that can begin to erode the bone that supports your teeth. A periodontal bone graft places bone around the teeth for more support and stability. 

How is Dental Bone Graft Surgery Performed?

Dental bone grafts are generally performed using the following steps:

  1. Your surgeon will administer anesthesia prior to beginning the procedure 
  2. The surgical area will be thoroughly cleaned  
  3. Your surgeon will make an incision to expose the area where the new bone will be placed 
  4. The new bone will be placed in the incision site 
  5. The bone will be placed together using special adhesive material or screws 
  6. The incision will be closed 

Book a Consultation Today

Ask your dentist for a referral to CVOS Oral surgery, or contact us directly to speak with one of our friendly staff. An experienced oral surgeon is your best option for a surgical procedure for your teeth.

Written by CVOS

Credit Valley Oral Surgery’s first location opened its doors in Mississauga in 1979. Quickly, CVOS Oral Surgery grew a reputation for itself as the place to go for quality oral and maxillofacial surgeries. In 1981, only 2 short years later, CVOS Oral Surgery opened its second clinic in Milton.

More Articles By CVOS

Patient and Doctor Information

Our Locations

Burlington North

CVOS Oral Surgery is located on the corner of Walkers Line and Dundas Street East in North Burlington at the Headon Forest Shopping Centre.

  • #200-3600 Dundas Street East
  • Burlington, ON

Burlington South

CVOS is located just off Hwy 403 (Queen Elizabeth Parkway), on Harvester Road with ample parking available.

  • #403-3155 Harvester Road
  • Burlington, ON


Our office is location on Commercial Street, right across from Brian Best Park, with ample parking available.

  • #203-311 Commercial Street
  • Milton, ON


Conveniently located near Highway 403 off of the Erin Mills Parkway, our office is in the same complex as the Credit Valley Hospital.

  • #302-2300 Eglinton Ave. West
  • Mississauga, ON


Conveniently located off Highway 403 (Queen Elizabeth Way) and Trafalgar Road, our building has plenty of convenient parking for you.

  • #311-1235 Trafalgar Road
  • Oakville, ON
instagram facebook facebook2 pinterest twitter google-plus google linkedin2 yelp youtube phone location calendar share2 link star-full star star-half chevron-right chevron-left chevron-down chevron-up envelope fax